On December 1, , Adobe announced that the program would be renamed Adobe Animate on its next major update. The move comes as part of an effort to disassociate the program from Adobe Flash Player , acknowledging its increased use for authoring HTML5 and video content, and an effort to begin discouraging the use of Flash Player in favor of web standards -based solutions. ActionScript 2.
Macromedia Flash Basic 8, a “lite” version of the Flash authoring tool targeted to new users who only wanted to do a basic drawing, animation, and interactivity.
The Basic product was eventually stopped. ActionScript 3. Other features of Flash CS5 are a new text engine TLF , new document templates, further improvement to inverse kinematics , new Deco tool effects, live FLV playback preview, and the code snippets panel. A sub-release was launched in August From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Animation software made by Adobe. For the multimedia software platform, see Adobe Flash. For the player, see Adobe Flash Player.
Not to be confused with Adobe Edge Animate. Adobe Systems. Archived from the original on Retrieved Ars Technica. Retrieved 1 December December FutureWave software. Archived from the original on 5 November Retrieved 25 March Archived from the original on 9 February Archived from the original on 12 June Archived from the original on 1 October Archived from the original on 23 February Archived from the original on 15 August Retrieved 24 August The Masons of Djenne.
Krieger; Phillip C. Naylor; Dahia Ibo Shabaka World History: Patterns of Interaction. ISBN Bommer Natural hazards in El Salvador. Geological Society of America. Bariola; M. Blondet Materials and Structures. S2CID Archived from the original PDF on 5 March Retrieved 27 February New Mexico Geology, November Archived from the original PDF on 2 December Archived from the original PDF on 18 August Retrieved 25 June Terra Lyon Retrieved 12 December Drexel University.
Retrieved 25 November Oxford English Dictionary 2nd. Retrieved 9 November Carmel, A History in Architecture. Arcadia Pub. Carmel-by-the-Sea, California. Retrieved 16 January Dawson Lupul. Archived from the original on 1 July Retrieved 30 January Retrieved 24 October Wikimedia Commons has media related to Adobe. Look up adobe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Prehistoric technology. Game drive system Buffalo jump. Some Macromedia applications were absorbed into existing Adobe products, e.
FreeHand has been replaced with Adobe Illustrator. Director and ColdFusion are not part of Adobe Creative Suite and will only be available as standalone products. The final version of Macromedia Studio released include:. Adobe Creative Suite 3 CS3 was announced on March 27, ; it introduced universal binaries for all major programs for the Apple Macintosh ,  as well as including all of the core applications from Macromedia Studio and Production Studio.
Some Creative Suite programs also began using the Presto layout engine used in the Opera web browser. Adobe began selling CS3 applications in six different combinations called “editions. The latest released CS3 version was version 3. CS3 included several programs, including Dreamweaver , Flash Professional , and Fireworks that were developed by Macromedia , a former rival acquired by Adobe in Adobe dropped the following programs that were previously included in CS2 from the CS3 software bundles: .
Adobe had announced that it would continue to develop Audition as a standalone product, while GoLive had been discontinued.
Adobe GoLive 9 was released as a standalone product on June 10, Adobe Audition 3 was announced as a standalone product on September 6, Adobe had discontinued ImageReady and had replaced it with Fireworks, with some of ImageReady’s features integrated into Photoshop. Audition became part of the Creative Suite again in CS5. Adobe CS4 was also developed to perform better under bit and multi-core processors.
Two programs were dropped from the CS4 line-up: Adobe Ultra , a vector keying application which utilizes image analysis technology to produce high quality chroma key effects in less than ideal lighting environments and provides keying of a subject into a virtual 3D environment through virtual set technology, and Adobe Stock Photos. Below is a matrix of the applications that were bundled in each of the software suites for CS Following the release of CS5 in April , Adobe changed its release strategy to an every other year release of major number installments.
The update helped developers optimize websites for a variety of tablets, smart phones, and other devices. At the same time, Adobe announced a subscription-based pay service as an alternative to full purchase. Not all products were upgraded to CS5.
Below is a matrix of the applications that were bundled in each of the software suites for CS5. On May 5, , during the opening keynote of its Adobe MAX conference, Adobe announced that it was retiring the “Creative Suite” branding in favor of “Creative Cloud”, and making all future feature updates to its software now appended with “CC” instead of “CS”, e. Photoshop CC available via the Creative Cloud subscription service rather than through the purchasing of perpetual licenses.
Customers must pay a subscription fee and if they stop paying, they will lose access to the proprietary file formats ,   which are not backward-compatible with the Creative Suite   Adobe admitted that this is a valid concern . Individual subscribers must have an Internet connection  to download the software and to use the 2 GB of provided storage space or the additionally purchased 20 GB  , and must validate the license monthly.
Adobe’s decision to make the subscription service the only sales route for its creative software was met with strong criticism   see Creative Cloud controversy.
The Clone Stamp tool is useful for duplicating objects or removing a defect in an image. Photoshop provides an array of shape tools including rectangles, rounded rectangles, ellipses, polygons and lines. These shapes can be manipulated by the pen tool, direct selection tool etc. In addition, Photoshop provides its own shapes like animals, signs and plants. The eyedropper tool selects a color from an area of the image that is clicked, and samples it for future use.
Selection tools are used to select all or any part of a picture to perform cut, copy, edit, or retouching operations. The crop tool can be used to select a particular area of an image and discard the portions outside the chosen section. This tool assists in creating a focus point on an image and unnecessary or excess space. The crop tool is in the tools palette, which is located on the right side of the document.
By placing the cursor over the image, the user can drag the cursor to the desired area. Once the Enter key is pressed, the area outside the rectangle will be cropped. The area outside the rectangle is the discarded data, which allows for the file size to be decreased. The slice and slice select tools, like the crop tool, are used in isolating parts of images.
The slice tool can be used to divide an image into different sections, and these separate parts can be used as pieces of a web page design once HTML and CSS are applied. The move tool can be used to drag the entirety of a single layer or more if they are selected.
Alternatively, once an area of an image is highlighted, the move tool can be used to manually relocate the selected piece to anywhere on the canvas. The marquee is a tool that can make selections that are a single row, single column, rectangular and elliptical.
This tool can also crop an image; it allows for better control. In contrast to the crop tool, the marquee tool allows for more adjustments to the selected area before cropping. The only marquee tool that does not allow cropping is the elliptical.
Although the single row and column marquee tools allow for cropping, they are not ideal, because they only crop a line. The rectangular marquee tool is the preferred option. Once the tool has been selected, dragging the tool across the desired area will select it.
The selected area will be outlined by dotted lines, referred to as “marching ants”. To set a specific size or ratio, the tool options bar provides these settings. Before selecting an area, the desired size or ratio must be set by adjusting the width and height. Any changes such as color, filters, location, etc. To crop the selection, the user must go to the image tab and select crop.
The lasso tool is similar to the marquee tool, however, the user can make a custom selection by drawing it freehand. The regular lasso tool allows the user to have drawing capabilities.
Photoshop will complete the selection once the mouse button is released. The user may also complete the selection by connecting the end point to the starting point. The “marching ants” will indicate if a selection has been made. The polygonal lasso tool will draw only straight lines, which makes it an ideal choice for images with many straight lines.
Unlike the regular lasso tool, the user must continually click around the image to outline the shape. To complete the selection, the user must connect the end point to the starting point just like the regular lasso tool.
Magnetic lasso tool are considered the smart tool. It can do the same as the other two, but it can also detect the edges of an image once the user selects a starting point. It detects by examining the color pixels as the cursor moves over the desired area. Closing the selection is the same as the other two, which should also should display the “marching ants” once the selection has been closed.
The quick selection tool selects areas based on edges, similarly to the magnetic lasso tool. The difference between this tool and the lasso tool is that there is no starting and ending point.
For this reason, the selected area can be added onto as much as possible without starting over. By dragging the cursor over the desired area, the quick selection tool detects the edges of the image.
The “marching ants” allow the user to know what is currently being selected. Once the user is done, the selected area can be edited without affecting the rest of the image. One of the features that makes this tool especially user friendly is that the SHIFT key is not needed to add more to the selection; by default, extra mouse clicks will be added to the selection rather than creating a new selection.
The magic wand tool selects areas based on pixels of similar values. One click will select all neighboring pixels of similar value within a tolerance level set by the user. If the eyedropper tool is selected in the options bar, then the magic wand can determine the value needed to evaluate the pixels; this is based on the sample size setting in the eyedropper tool. This tool is inferior to the quick selection tool which works much the same but with much better results and more intuitive controls.
The user must decide what settings to use or if the image is right for this tool. The Eraser tool erases content based on the active layer. If the user is on the text layer, then any text across which the tool is dragged will be erased.
The eraser will convert the pixels to transparent, unless the background layer is selected. The size and style of the eraser can be selected in the options bar. This tool is unique in that it can take the form of the paintbrush and pencil tools. In addition to the straight eraser tool, there are two more available options — background eraser and magic eraser. The background eraser deletes any part of the image that is on the edge of an object. This tool is often used to extract objects from the background.
The magic eraser tool deletes based on similar colored pixels. It is very similar to the magic wand tool. This tool is ideal for deleting areas with the same color or tone that contrasts with the rest of the image. Using simple combinations of keys video layers can easily be modified, with other features such as adding text and creating animations using single images.
With the Extended version of Photoshop CS5, 2D elements of an artwork can easily become three-dimensional with the click of a button. Extrusions of texts, an available library of materials for three-dimensional, and even wrapping two-dimensional images around 3D geometry. Third-party plugins have also been added to the most recent version of Photoshop where technologies such as the iPad have integrated the software with different types of applications.
Applications like the Adobe Eazel painting app allows the user to easily create paintings with their fingertips and use an array of different paint from dry to wet in order to create rich color blending. The program will feature cloud syncing with other devices and a simpler interface than the desktop version. The plug-in allows users to remove noise without the side-effect of over-sharpening, add grain, and even perform post-crop vignetting.
From version Artists can add color, adjust the shape or rotate the angles of imported models, or design original 3D models from scratch. The Color Replacement Tool allows the user to change the color, while maintaining the highlights and shadows of the original image, of pieces of the image. By selecting Brushes and right clicking, the Color Replacement Tool is the third option down.
What is important to note with this tool is the foreground color. The foreground color is what will be applied when painting along the chosen part of the image with the Color Replacement tool.
Photoshop and derivatives such as Photoshopped or just Shopped have become verbs that are sometimes used to refer to images edited by Photoshop,  or any image manipulation program. The same happens not only in English but as the Portuguese Wikipedia entry for image manipulation attests, even in that language, with the trademark being followed by the Portuguese verb termination -ar, yielding the word “photoshopar” to photoshop. Such derivatives are discouraged by Adobe  because, in order to maintain validity and protect the trademark from becoming generic , trademarks must be used as proper nouns.
Photoshop’s naming scheme was initially based on version numbers, from version 0. Adobe published 7 major and many minor versions before the October introduction of version 8. In February Adobe donated the source code of the 1. The first Photoshop CS was commercially released in October as the eighth major version of Photoshop. Photoshop CS increased user control with a reworked file browser augmenting search versatility, sorting and sharing capabilities and the Histogram Palette which monitors changes in the image as they are made to the document.
Match Color was also introduced in CS, which reads color data to achieve a uniform expression throughout a series of pictures. Photoshop CS2, released in May , expanded on its predecessor with a new set of tools and features. It included an upgraded Spot Healing Brush, which is mainly used for handling common photographic problems such as blemishes, red-eye, noise, blurring and lens distortion.
One of the most significant inclusions in CS2 was the implementation of Smart Objects, which allows users to scale and transform images and vector illustrations without losing image quality, as well as create linked duplicates of embedded graphics so that a single edit updates across multiple iterations. Adobe responded to feedback from the professional media industry by implementing non-destructive editing as well as the producing and modifying of Bit High Dynamic Range HDR images, which are optimal for 3D rendering and advanced compositing.
FireWire Previews could also be viewed on a monitor via a direct export feature. Image Warping makes it easy to digitally distort an image into a shape by choosing on-demand presets or by dragging control points.
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